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Sperm Motility

Sperm motility is the ability of sperm to move efficiently and also known for the movement of the cell and the number of active cells in the sperms. This is important in fertility because sperm must move through the woman’s reproductive tract to reach and fertilize the egg. Poor sperm motility may be a reason for male factor infertility.

Sperm motility range:

The movement of the sperm has been estimated from the range of 0-4. With this score, more than three is being considered a good score. The number of active cells is often calculated in percentage, with the number of active cells being above 50% is considered the least. Anything more than 50 % is considered good.

Causes:

The accurate cause for low sperm motility may differ, and some men may have a genetic cause, while others may have an undiagnosed medical condition. Lifestyle and environmental aspects also play a major role in sperm motility. For example, Smoking has been a trusted source of decreased sperm motility, especially if the man smokes more than ten cigarettes per day. 

Men who work in the military or have jobs that include painting, driving, or repeated trauma to the pelvic area may be at threat for work-induced infertility. A varicocele condition occurs when veins inside the scrotum become enlarged, which has also been linked to decreased sperm motility.

Low sperm motility may also be due to a male accessory sex gland secretion disorder. This may lead to the glands emptying more slowly. The long-standing use of anabolic steroids can reduce sperm count and motility. Drugs, such as cannabis and cocaine, some herbal remedies, can also affect semen quality. Varicocele, a condition of enlarged veins in the scrotum, has also been connected with low sperm motility.

How does sperm motility affect fertility?

Motility of the sperm determines the capability of the sperm to reach the eggs through the fallopian tubes form the embryo and survive in the woman’s uterus. If there is more motility, more are the chances of the sperm to survive. Worldwide, around 60 to 80 million pairs are impacted by infertility, and the rates vary from country to country.

Male aspect infertility is when an issue with the man’s biology makes him incapable to impregnate a woman. It accounts for between 40 to 50 percent of infertility cases and affects around 7 per cent of men. Male infertility is usually the result of a deficiency in semen. The most common are:

  • Low sperm count 
  • Poor sperm motility
  • Abnormal sperm shape or teratospermia
  • Low sperm count causes around 90 percent of male infertility issues, but poor sperm motility is an important factor also.

How to identify infertility due to a low motility rate?

The sperm issues will recover only when the couple is unable to conceive despite several attempts. The grade of the sperm can be examined using:

  • Checking for blockages, or restrictions in the penis
  • Physically investigative the penis, scrotum, and prostate.
  • Semen analysis: The semen is tested for its sperm content.
  • Take a Blood test to check if there are any infections.
  • Externally prompting the sperm motility using medication and injectables.
  • Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and food supplements
  • Taking medicines will restore the hormonal imbalance.

If the motility rate of the sperm is very low, a sperm donor can be prearranged, and assisted pregnancy methods like low-cost IVF treatment can be used.

Diagnosis:

The most basic and useful test is a semen analysis, and it can detect 9 out of 10 men with a fertility problem. The test assesses the configuration of the sperm, as well as how they interact in the seminal fluid. The sample of the sperm is usually collected by masturbation. The man may be asked to withhold from sex between 2 and 7 days before collecting the sample to increase the volume of semen.

It is needed for the whole ejaculation is being collected in a sterile container to make sure the test results are complete. The specimen is usually collected in a secret room at the doctor’s office or collection facility. In some conditions, it can be produced at home. If this is the case, the sample will be delivered for analysis within an hour.

The sample should not be stored in the fridge, and doctors may recommend holding it close to the body during transportation to keep it at body temperature. And this will make sure it is the best achievable quality when it is analyzed.

Sometimes, the sample can be collected through sexual contact, either in a specially designed condom or withdrawing before ejaculation. It is important not to use a commercial condom, as many have lubricants or spermicides that can infect the sample.

Samples can contrast for different reasons, including the length of abstinence from sexual intercourse and illness. As a result, two samplings are usually collected, which may be anywhere from 2 to 4 weeks apart. If the percentage of gradually motile sperm is less than 32 per cent, the diagnosis may be poor sperm motility.

How to improve sperm motility?

There are different lifestyles and choices people can able to improve the quality of their sperm. Smoking can reduce fertility and has been exposed to affect sperm motility. Recreational drugs, including cannabis, amphetamines, and opiates, and extreme alcohol consumption may also reduce sperm grade. Doctors suggest people avoid these if they are trying to conceive.

Being heavyweight with a body mass index of 25 or more can impact both the quality and quantity of sperm. The increased temperature of the scrotum may reduce the quality of sperm. The ideal sperm-producing temperature is around 94 °F, or below body temperature. So you can wear loose-fitting underwear, and taking simple measures to keep the testicles cool may help.

Helpful steps include taking regular breaks if working in a hot environment, getting up, and moving around if a person spends long periods sitting down. There is no proof that complementary therapies are useful in improving sperm motility.

Treatment:

Some lifestyle changes may also help to increase sperm motility for some men. The best ways are:

  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Limit cell phone exposure
  • Reduce alcohol
  • Quit Smoking

Some supplements may also help to improve sperm motility. For example, one study trusted source found a 52 percent increase in sperm motility in men. Who take a daily supplement of 200 micrograms of selenium along with 400 units of vitamin E for at least 100 days in a row. 

You should consult your doctor before taking supplements and be careful about where you buy them. Supplements are not regulated, so you should buy them from trustworthy vendors.

If the sperm mobility issue is a medical problem, such as low hormone levels or varicocele, medication such as a follicle-stimulating hormone or human chorionic gonadotropin may help. In certain cases, your doctor may also recommend surgery only if it is in a critical stage.

Bottom Line: 

Candor IVF Center provides you with world-class treatment and helps you recover low sperm motility. With consulting at Candor IVF, you can find a solution to all your male infertility conditions. You can have your child with the great success results of Candor IVF.

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